Monday, June 29, 2009
Scientific and Journalistic Research Into Crop Circles
The Continuing Unfolding of Crop Circles
There are many wondrously intriguing crop circles and pictograms. They have also been spotted in England, the Netherlands, the United States including at the University of Virginia, Canada, Australia, Japan, India, Germany, France, Israel, Switzerland, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Sweden, New Zealand, Australia, Italy, Belgium, Finland, Russia, Spain and Austria and in other parts of the world. Most crop circles are not human hoaxes, notwithstanding that some circles are the work of human beings as can be discerned by scientific investigation and lab work. One of the most magnificent genuine formations is the 151 circle glyph formed near Stonehenge, England on July 7, 1996. This glyph appeared within 45 minutes during broad daylight, as reported by a former RAF pilot. Crop circles have been documented since the 16th century.
Most though not all of the crop circle design patterns follow strict geometrical rules of construction. The genuine formations usually 'arrive' at night in fields of wheat, barl ey, canola (rapeseed), oats, alfalfa or sunflowers. Crop circles are not confined to England, though the Circle Makers seem to be enamored of England. In the author's opinion, the crop circles are carefully planned out and designed by extraterrestrial Circle Makers on their computers before the artist's design is implemented on the ground by other crew. They are created and formed in the crops as a benign sign of their presence, the structure and precision of their art serving as a testimony to the extraordinary level of their science, creativity and good intentions. The flattened corn, wheat or other crops though folded into spiral and other formations, generally is not destroyed. The circle or other form is formed through a gentle bending and lengthening at the node (elbow) on the stork of plants within the crop circle somehow without harming the plant. In a crop circle stork, typically the first node above the ground becomes elongated as the moisture inside the node turns to steam, suggesting that the swelling of the node results from heating from something like microwave radiation. The higher nodes on the plant are tougher so that when the steam tries to escape they may blo w out creating an expulsion cavity in the node. In contrast, if people stand on corn or other plants, they invariably cause the stems to snap. The stalks inside a crop circle are typically bent into what is known as a swirl pattern, and the circles may spin clockwise or counterclockwise or rarely even radiating straight out from the center. In patterns with several circles, one circle may spin clockwise and another counterclockwise. Even a single circle may contain two or more "layers" of stalks, each spinning in a different direction. In each case the plants, though bent by 90 degrees near the ground at the node of the stem, continued to grow and ripen, while crop outside the circle remains completely unaffected and form an upright standing wall. The Circle Makers have the ability to "comb" the stalks with as much ease as combing one's hair, for those who still take the trouble to do that.
William C. Levengood, an M.S. in biophysics, discovered that the cells at the node, the point at which the plants bend in crop circles, about a half to one inch above ground level, have fractured and scarred. He planted seeds from the cereal crops taken from crop circles and germinated them in environmentally-protected conditions in a germination chamber. He found that the date at which the plants germinated was the same as with the control plants, that is, plants outside of the crop circle area. Surprisingly, seeds taken from mature crop within crop circles, once they have germinated, grew at a very much more accelerated rate above ground level than the control samples, up to five times the normal growth rate even with little water or sunlight. On the other hand, seeds germinated from immature crop that was within the crop circles do not exhibit this growth boost but grow into weak seedlings. The root structure was much more extensive and healthy below ground level, as compared with the control samples - indeed healthier and more productive. That, too, carries enormous significance in terms of the potential to increase crop production worldwide, if we knew how to do this, though it appears that exposing crop to electrical pulses produce a similar spurt in growth rate. Mr. Levengood took his crop circle plants from seven or eight countries including Australia, America and Great Britain. ; Again, comparing these results with wind damage, hoaxing or trampling by human feet, these are not effects than can be readily replicated by humans. Indeed, many of the highly sophisticated and large-scale crop circles are being formed overnight on undulating ground in England, with the geometries precisely adjusted for undulations, at times even in the driving rain, within a matter of hours. Such circles would take humans several weeks to duplicate.