Wednesday, November 21, 2012

How Do Oysters Make Pearls?

Layer upon layer of nacre, also known as mother-of-pearl, coat a grain of sand until the iridescent gem is formed.

 

A natural pearl begins its life inside an oyster's shell when an intruder, such as a grain of sand or bit of floating food, slips in between one of the two shells of the oyster, a type of mollusk, and the protective layer that covers the mollusk's organs, called the mantle.

In order to protect itself from irritation, the oyster will quickly begin covering the uninvited visitor with layers of nacre — the mineral substance that fashions the mollusk's shells. Layer upon layer of nacre, also known as mother-of-pearl, coat the grain of sand until the iridescent gem is formed.

For the rest of the story: http://www.lifeslittlemysteries.com/197-how-do-oysters-make-pearls.html

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