Monday, September 30, 2013

Are You Eating This Ingredient Banned All Over the World?


The U.S. is one of the only countries in the world that still allows this ingredient in the food supply. It is banned as a food additive in Europe, and if you get caught using it in Singapore you can get up to 15 years in prison and be fined $450,000.

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This Garlic Soup Recipe Can Defeat Colds, Flu and Even Norovirus


Forget the flu shot. A soup based on more than 50 cloves of garlic, onions, thyme and lemon will destroy almost any virus that enters its path including colds, flu and even norovirus.

As we sneeze and cough our way through these dark months of contagious nasties, garlic is being hailed for its powers to halt viruses in their tracks.

It has gained its reputation as a virus buster thanks to one of its chemical constituents, allicin.

A recent and significant finding from Washington State University shows that garlic is 100 times more effective than two popular antibiotics at fighting disease causing bacteria commonly responsible for foodborne illness.

When the garlic is crushed, alliin becomes allicin. Research shows that allicin helps lower cholesterol and blood pressure and also helps prevents blood clots. Garlic can also reduce the risk of developing atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). Compounds in this familiar bulb kill many organisms, including bacteria and viruses that cause earaches, flu and colds. 

Research indicates that garlic is also effective against digestive ailments and diarrhea. What’s more, further studies suggest that this common and familiar herb may help prevent the onset of cancers.

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50% of Rats Given this Died – Why is it On Your Dinner Plate?

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The first report was recently issued on ambient levels of glyphosate and its major degradation product, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), in air and rain. Glyphosate is the most widely used herbicide in the U.S.

Weekly air particle and rain samples were collected during two growing seasons in agricultural areas in Mississippi and Iowa. Rain was also collected in Indiana. The frequency of glyphosate detection ranged from 60 to 100 percent in both air and rain.

According to the report, as linked on the website Green Med Info:

 “The frequency of detection and median and maximum concentrations of glyphosate in air were similar or greater to those of the other high-use herbicides observed in the Mississippi River basin, whereas its concentration in rain was greater than the other herbicides.”

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5 Vaccines To Never Give A Child Read


All vaccines should be avoided, but for those on the fence and still deciding whether to vaccinate your child, please review the following information on these 5 vaccines before blindly following the advice of any medical doctor. Knowledge is power and when you understand the uselessness of specific vaccines, the decision to vaccinate or not becomes a very easy one.

When it comes to vaccines, there are three levels of understanding: 1) The first group understands that all vaccines are useless; 2) The second group is still partially affected by medical propaganda from the last century and insists there are at least some “good” vaccines; and 3) The last group has a total blind loyalty to what has been erroneously declared as “vaccine science” and will defend all vaccines regardless of any resources or evidence that presents the contrary.

These are the three groups I run into daily whether they are members of the community, colleagues, parents, family members or simply people online. I’m sure you can easily situate yourself in at least one of these three groupings. I use specific techniques to deal with each group when communicating information as each can only go down the rabbit hole so far. For obvious reasons, the third group is by far the most difficult to convey any information to since they live in this bubble of disbelief when it comes to any concept that deals with anti-vaccination.

This article is specifically for groups 2) and 3). Most of my readers belong to the first group, however many are in the second group as well, which is perfectly understandable. However, as many of you know, I am not a fan of those that sit on the fence when it comes to vaccination, so my goal is always to increase awareness and bring those in level 3) back to level 2) and eventually those in level 2) back to level 1). For some it takes three days and others three years, but regardless of the information presented, any advancement in understanding does not occur until each person is ready to openly receive and embrace the information.

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What Happens When You Inject Codeine & Gasoline Into Your Bloodstream

In the vast pharmacopeia of illegal street drugs, few have as heinous a reputation as desomorphine, popularly known as crocodile or “krokodil.” An opiate that’s chemically related to morphine and heroin, krokodil earned its name in two ways: Addicts develop dark, scaly lesions on their skin, and the drug tends to eat its victims alive, like a crocodile.

Krokodil first surfaced in Russia several years ago, where users discovered the drug was much cheaper than heroin and could easily be cooked in a kitchen by combining codeine with gasoline, oil, alcohol or paint thinner, Fox News reports.

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What’s Easier Than Exercise & Good For the Heart?


From a study at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

A hearty laugh a day may keep the doctor away, say the findings of a unique study. Whereas previous studies have examined how negative emotions can adversely affect our health, this study took a new spin–they measured the affect of watching a funny movie on the ability of heart blood vessels to expand. And they found some surprising results–laughing increased blood flow as much as a 15- to 30-minute workout.

The ability of blood vessels to expand is known as vasodilation. Poor vasodilation means that passageways may be blocked and blood flow may be cut off. The result is an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes.

In the study, 20 healthy men and women watched clips of two movies–a violent battle scene from “Saving Private Ryan” or a humorous scene from a comedy such as “Kingpin.” Each participant’s vasodilation was measured prior to the movie and again afterward.

The results were “dramatic.” Of the 20 participants who saw the stressful film, 14 had significantly reduced blood flow. However, after watching the funny film, 19 of the 20 volunteers had significantly increased blood flow.  Specifically:

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New USDA rule allows hidden feces, pus, bacteria and bleach in conventional poultry

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is currently in the process of trying to ram through passage of a new “modernization” rule for conventional poultry production that would eliminate a large percentage of USDA inspectors and speed up the factory production process. And existing safeguards, as minimally effective as they currently are, would also be eroded, allowing for more hidden feces, pus, bacteria and chemical contaminants to persist in conventional chicken and turkey meat.


Even though salmonella rates as detected in meat and poultry have been steadily dropping year after year in the U.S., roughly the same numbers of people seem to be getting infected with the pathogen annually. The primary reason for this statistical anomaly appears to be that the current testing methods authorized by the USDA for meat and poultry are wholly inadequate and outdated and actually cover up the presence of contaminants borne on factory farms and in processing plants.

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These Nutrients Reduce Attentional, Behavioral, and Emotional Problems


Polyunsaturated fatty acids are essential nutrients for humans. They are structural and functional components of cell membranes and pre-stages of the hormonally and immunologically active eicosanoids. Recent discoveries have shown that the long-chained omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) also play an important role in the central nervous system. They are essential for normal brain functioning including attention and other neuropsychological skills.

In our large observational study we monitored 810 children from 5 to 12 years of age referred for medical help and recommended for consuming polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in combination with zinc and magnesium by a physician over a period of at least 3 months. The food supplement ESPRICO® (further on referred to as the food supplement) is developed on the basis of current nutritional science and containing a combination of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids as well as magnesium and zinc. Study objective was to evaluate the nutritional effects of the PUFA-zinc-magnesium combination onsymptoms of attention deficit, impulsivity, and hyperactivity as well as on emotional problems and sleep related parameters. Assessment was performed by internationally standardized evaluation scales, i.e. SNAP-IV and SDQ. Tolerance (adverse events) and acceptance (compliance) of the dietary therapy were documented.

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The CIA’s Most Highly-Trained Spies Weren’t Even Human

As a former trainer reveals, the U.S. government deployed nonhuman operatives—ravens, pigeons, even cats—to spy on cold war adversaries.

There would be a rustle of oily black feathers as a raven settled on the window ledge of a once-grand apartment building in some Eastern European capital. The bird would pace across the ledge a few times but quickly depart. In an apartment on the other side of the window, no one would shift his attention from the briefing papers or the chilled vodka set out on a table. Nor would anything seem amiss in the jagged piece of gray slate resting on the ledge, seemingly jetsam from the roof of an old and unloved building. Those in the apartment might be dismayed to learn, however, that the slate had come not from the roof but from a technical laboratory at CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia. In a small cavity at the slate’s center was an electronic transmitter powerful enough to pick up their conversation. The raven that transported it to the ledge was no random city bird, but a U.S.-trained intelligence asset.

Half a world away from the murk of the cold war, it would be a typical day at the I.Q. Zoo, one of the touristic palaces that dotted the streets of Hot Springs, Arkansas, in the 1960s. With their vacationing parents inca tow, children would squeal as they watched chickens play baseball, macaws ride bicycles, ducks drumming and pigs pawing at pianos. You would find much the same in any number of mom-and-pop theme parks or on television variety shows of the era. But chances are that if an animal had been trained to do something whimsically human, the animal—or the technique—came from Hot Springs.

Is Your State a No-Drone Zone?

Nine states have already passed laws restricting drone use. See where yours stands.

In less than two years, the United States will open its commercial airspace to drones, allowing these "unmanned aerial vehicles" to zip over American cities along with planes and helicopters. Tech enthusiasts, entrepreneurs, and law enforcement agencies are intrigued by the possibilities—burrito drones! And the roughly $6-billion-a-year drone industry has launched a lobbying offensive to ensure Federal Aviation Administration regulations are as broad and permissive as possible. But lawmakers and civil liberties groups are concerned about the privacy implications and potential safety issues, and at least nine states have passed laws restricting drone use by law enforcement, private citizens, or both.

While drones were never banned in the United States, up until now their use has been strictly limited, with the FAA distributing a few hundred permits to researchers and law enforcement. But Congress has ordered the agency to open commercial airspace to a wide variety of unmanned vehicles by late 2015. And when it does, drones are bound to proliferate. The FAA anticipates there could be as many as 30,000 drones hurtling through US airspace by 2020.
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Friday, September 27, 2013

Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms and Diagnosis


Magnesium deficiency is often misdiagnosed because it does not show up in blood tests – only 1% of the body’s magnesium is stored in the blood.

Most doctors and laboratories don’t even include magnesium status in routine blood tests. Thus, most doctors don’t know when their patients are deficient in magnesium, even though studies show that the majority of Americans are deficient in magnesium.

Consider Dr. Norman Shealy’s statements, “Every known illness is associated with a magnesium deficiency” and that, “magnesium is the most critical mineral required for electrical stability of every cell in the body. A magnesium deficiency may be responsible for more diseases than any other nutrient.” The truth he states exposes a gapping hole in modern medicine that explains a good deal about iatrogenic death and disease. Because magnesium deficiency is largely overlooked, millions of Americans suffer needlessly or are having their symptoms treated with expensive drugs when they could be cured with magnesium supplementation.

One has to recognize the signs of magnesium thirst or hunger on their own since allopathic medicine is lost in this regard. It is really something much more subtle then hunger or thirst but it is comparable. In a world though where doctors and patients alike do not even pay attention to thirst and important issues of hydration, it is not hopeful that we will find many recognizing and paying attention to magnesium thirst and hunger, which is a dramatic way of expressing the concept of magnesium deficiency.

The 7 Most Prescribed Drugs In The World And Their Natural Counterparts


We don’t have to live in a medicated world, but we certainly choose to. The crux of the matter is that we refuse to proactively think about prevention because we reactively commit to treating the symptoms of underlying health problems. This is the allopathic model. We want the quick fix so we can continue our poor lifestyle and dietary habits. It doesn’t have to be this way, but it is. We can blame doctors, the medical institutions and healthcare systems all we want, but self-responsibility is our only recourse if we are ever to surface from this mess. There are no excuses–if you’re taking one of these drugs, consult with a Natural Health Practitioner this week about phasing out your medication and phasing in these powerful natural foods and remedies.

Of the over 4 billion prescriptions written every year, the United States and Canada make up more than 80% of the world’s prescription opioids (psychoactive medications). Between 1997 and 2012 prescription opioids increased in dosage by almost 500%. Pharmaceuticals and medical errors are now a leading cause of death. Painkillers are the leading cause of accidental death.

In the last 15 years of life, people are experiencing more pain for longer periods than at any point on our historical record. If you think life expectancy has increased to the benefit of mankind, you’re not looking at the numbers.

78% of U.S. prescriptions written in 2010 were for generic drugs (both unbranded and those still sold under a brand name). The most prescribed drugs aren’t always the best selling drugs, there’s a difference.

Prescriptions for pain, cholesterol reduction, high blood pressure, hypothyroidism, antacids, antipsychotics, diabetes and antibiotics make up 100% of the most prescribed drugs.

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The Plan to Redirect Asteroids With Lasers and a Mothership


Dr. Richard Fork with the plan to save the world via UAH.

Asteroids, man. Turns out, there’s a ton of them near the Earth and eventually one’s going to swing right into us. In fact, they swing into Earth all the time. So, let’s say you want to redirect a little asteroid, one that’s, oh I don't know, around the size of the one that blew everyone’s minds when it exploded over Chelyabinsk, Russia in February. How would you do?

Lasers. Naturally, you’d use lasers, right? That’s what Richard Fork, an electrical and computer engineering professor at University of Alabama, Huntsville proposed to NASA. And unlike other space-based, laser protection systems, Fork thinks this one could be feasible in the relatively near future. "Much of the required technology is existing stuff that is out there now. It's not too expensive," Fork said. "It's doable in a few years if the effort is well-funded."

It works like this—one controlling “mothership” and multiple microspacecraft are sent at the asteroid. The smaller spacecraft orbit within a few kilometers of the asteroid, and at the optimal moment bombard it with trains of ultrashort optical pulses, reflected into just the right spot. The lasers heat the asteroid in those just-right spots, which cause “plumes of ejecta” that propel the asteroid off its Earth-smashing course, and off to somewhere else.

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Air Pollution Around The World Mapped

The Global Toll of Fine Particulate Matter  

Occasionally, short-term meteorological conditions merge with ongoing human emissions to produce extreme outbreaks of air pollution. In January 2013, a blanket of industrial pollution enveloped northeastern China. In June 2013, smoke from agricultural fires in Sumatra engulfed Singapore.

In most cases, the most toxic pollution lingers for a few days or even weeks, bringing increases in respiratory and cardiac health problems at hospitals. Eventually the weather breaks, the air clears, and memories of foul air begin to fade. But that’s not to say that the health risks disappear as well. Even slightly elevated levels of air pollution can have a significant effect on human health. Over long periods and on a global scale, such impacts can add up.

But exactly how much exposure to air pollution do people around the world get? And how much health damage is it causing? Since there are gaps in networks of ground sensors, University of North Carolina earth scientist Jason West is leading an effort to answer those questions using computer models that simulate the atmosphere.

In 2010, West and colleagues published an estimate of the global health effects of air pollution based on a single atmospheric model. More recently, West and colleagues thought they could improve their calculations by using results from a range of atmospheric different models—six in all—rather than relying on just one. In 2013, they published their results in Environmental Research Letters, concluding that 2.1 million deaths occur worldwide each year as a direct result of a toxic type of outdoor air pollution known as fine particulate matter (PM2.5).
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Everything You Think You Know About Fukushima Is Wrong

Fukushima’s Worst-Case Scenarios

Much of what you’ve heard about the nuclear accident is wrong.

Sixth Reactor, Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant 

The sixth reactor building of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant in Japan on Feb. 28, 2012, nearly a year after it was destroyed by an earthquake and tsunami.

On a heavily guarded campus east of San Francisco stands Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, one of the U.S. government’s premier scientific research facilities. Hours after a massive earthquake and tsunami struck Japan on March 11, 2011, a team of Livermore scientists mobilized to begin assessing the danger from the crippled Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant. The 40-odd team members include physicists, meteorologists, computer modelers, and health specialists. Their specialty is major airborne hazards—toxic matter from chemical fires, ash from erupting volcanoes, or radioactive emissions.

The scientists’ work—secret at the time and barely known to the public even today—had an enormous impact on Japan’s nuclear crisis, averting a potentially disastrous U.S. overreaction. This tale reveals significant new information about the accident's severity and affords a different perspective on events at Fukushima, which have generally been portrayed as a near Armageddon.

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MAGNETS: How Do They Work?

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A mysterious fire transformed North America's greatest city in 1170


One thousand years ago, in the place where St. Louis, Missouri now stands, there was once a great civilization whose city center was ringed with enormous earthen pyramids, vast farmlands, and wealthy suburbs. For hundreds of years it was the biggest city in North America. Then a mysterious fire changed everything.

The city that once existed in St. Louis' current footprint is known today as Cahokia, and its creators are commonly called the Mound Builders because of the 120 or so enormous mounds they left behind. Shaped much like the stone pyramids of the Maya civilization to the south, these mounds rose up hundreds of feet, and were often built on top of tombs. At their summits were ceremonial buildings made from wood and thatch. Unfortunately, many of these magnificent creations were destroyed in the nineteenth century when St. Louis was built. Below, you can see one of the only remaining pyramids, known as Monk's Mound.

The first evidence of a settlement in the Cahokia area is from the year 600 CE, at a time when the Maya civilization would have been at its peak. But it wasn't until after the largest cities of the Maya began to fall in the 1000s that Cahokia came into its own. It's estimated that the city center held as many as 15,000 people (making it comparable in size to European cities of the same era), and reached the height of its productivity between roughly 1000-1300 CE.

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Thursday, September 26, 2013

Veritas Radio - Darcy Weir - The Mysterious Life and Death of Phil Schne...

S y n o p s i s

Phil Schneider died on Januarv 17, 1996, reportedly strangled by a catheter/surgical tube found wrapped around his neck – the bizarre death being dismissed by the authorities as suicide. If the circumstances of his death seem highly controversial, they are matched by the controversy over his public statements uttered shortly before his death. Phil Schneider was a self-taught geologist and explosives expert. Of the 129 deep underground facilities Schneider believed the US government had constructed since World War II, he claimed to have worked on 13. Two of these bases were major, including the much rumored bioengineering facility at Dulce, New Mexico. At Dulce, Schneider maintained, "gray" humanoid extraterrestrials worked side by side with American technicians. In 1979, a misunderstanding arose. In the ensuing shootout, 66 Secret Service, FBI and Black Berets were killed along with an unspecified nurnber of "grays". It was here he received a beam-weapon blast to the chest which caused his later cancer; many have confirmed that a large scar indeed existed. Schneider maintained that numerous previous attempts had been made on his life, including the removal of the nuts from one of the front wheels of his automobile. He had stated publicly he was a marked man and did not expect to live long. "If I ever 'commit suicide'," Schneider told a close friend, "I'll have been murdered." Some of Schneider's more major accusations are worthy of attention: 1) The American government concluded a treaty with "gray" aliens in 1954. This mutual cooperation pact is called the Grenada Treaty. 2) The space shuttle has been producing special alloys in orbit. A vacuum is needed for the creation of these special metals, thereby justifying the mandate for a large, permanently manned space station. 3) Much of our stealth aircraft technology was developed by back-engineering crashed alien craft. 4) AIDS was a population control virus invented by the National Ordinance Laboratory, Chicago, Illionois. 5) Unbeknownst to just about everyone, the US government has an earthquake device. Neither the 1995 Kobe earthquake nor the 1989 San Francisco quake had a pulse wave. 6) The World Trade Center bomb blast and the Oklahoma City blast were achieved using small nuclear devices. The melting and pitting of the concrete and the extrusion of metal supporting rods indicated this. (Schneider's forte, he claimed, was explosives.) Finally, Phil Schneider lamented that the democracy he loved no longer existed: we had become instead a technocracy ruled by a shadow government intent on imposing their own view of things on all of us, whether we like it or not. He believed 11 of his best friends had been murdered in the last 22 years, eight of whose deaths had been officially explained as suicides. Whatever one might think of Phil Schneider's claims, it's clear that he was of particular interest to the FBI and CIA. His widow has stated that intelligence agents thoroughly searched the premises shortly after his death and made off with at least a third of the family photographs.

B i o

Darcy Weir has a university degree in sociology and a diploma in film production. Darcy is an independent researcher who found Phil Schneider's story to be very interesting and compelling. Through his investigation he was able to contact Cynthia Schneider. Phil’s ex wife. Once he realized there was so much behind this man's story, he decided to collaborate with other researchers who could lend more supporting arguments about Phil's story, therefore, he reached out to Richard Sauder and Richard Dolan, veterans of this radio program, to discuss many of the different realities Phil would discuss while he was on tour. Furthermore, with the help of a friend Neil Goulde who is head of Exopolitics Hong Kong, Darcy rounded out this story with a unique world view from that side of things, which relates to Phil's goals and how the world is today.

All Foods That You Crave Are Driven By A Lack of Specific Nutrients – So Which Foods Will Address Your Craving and Why?

All Foods That You Crave Are Driven By A Lack of Specific Nutrients – So Which Foods Will Address Your Craving and Why? 
Once we become aware of the foods that do not agree with our biochemistry, hormonal balance and digestion, we can rectify and tweak our diet to satisfy something larger that our body needs. Severe cravings can lead to binge eating and other eating disorders. If we know exactly why we crave a specific food, we can match the nutrient deficiency to a healthy bioavailable source that can perfectly address all our cravings and leave us satiated all year round.

When you hear your tummy growling or you get this “urge,” the problem is deciding whether you’re craving a food for emotional or physiological reasons or whether your body is truly hungry for food it needs.

However, many dieters think of food cravings as a weakness, but 91 percent of participants in a calorie-restriction study experienced food cravings at the start. And even more had cravings six months after dieting, nutritionists at Boston’s Tufts University say.
Once we become aware of the foods that do not agree with our biochemistry, hormonal balance and digestion, we can rectify and tweak our diet to satisfy something larger that our body needs. Severe cravings can lead to binge eating and other eating disorders. If we know exactly why we crave a specific food, we can match the nutrient deficiency to a healthy bioavailable source that can perfectly address all our cravings and leave us satiated all year round.
When you hear your tummy growling or you get this “urge,” the problem is deciding whether you’re craving a food for emotional or physiological reasons or whether your body is truly hungry for food it needs.
However, many dieters think of food cravings as a weakness, but 91 percent of participants in a calorie-restriction study experienced food cravings at the start. And even more had cravings six months after dieting, nutritionists at Boston’s Tufts University say.
- See more at: we become aware of the foods that do not agree with our biochemistry, hormonal balance and digestion, we can rectify and tweak our diet to satisfy something larger that our body needs. Severe cravings can lead to binge eating and other eating disorders. If we know exactly why we crave a specific food, we can match the nutrient deficiency to a healthy bioavailable source that can perfectly address all our cravings and leave us satiated all year round. 

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Money Woes May to Blame for Waning US Birth Rate

The birth rate in the United States is in decline, but at the same time, the vast majority of Americans say they want kids.


Even though the vast majority of Americans say they have, want or wish they had kids, the reality is that fewer children are being born in the United States. A new Gallup survey suggests financial pressures are one reason for the trend.

Americans' views about having kids have hardly changed since 1990: More than nine in 10 adults today say they have kids, are planning to have kids or wish they had kids, a new Gallup survey found. Just 5 percent say they don't want children; 4 percent said the same in 1990.

Despite these barely-changed attitudes, the U.S. birth rate has dropped 11 percent since 1990. In 2011, the fertility rate in the United States fell to an all-time low, at 63.2 births per 1,000 women between ages 15 and 44, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In 1990, the fertility rate was 70.9 births per 1,000 women. (10 Scientific Tips For Raising Happy Kids).
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NASA's New FINDER Scans for Breathing Bodies in Disaster Rubble

The Tohoku earthquake and tsunami two years ago killed several thousand people, and left close to few thousand missing. The numbers of dislocated people felt, to anyone watching, an immeasurable number. If only there were a rapid way, when driving through the vast areas of devastation, to know where someone in need may be lying—trapped beneath some debris. NASA now has a new device, called FINDER (Finding Individuals for Disaster and Emergency Response), which could be the next player in hastening the response time in such grim scenarios.

Although dogs have aided emergency responders for decades, a pooch relies on its sniffer in emergency situations. FINDER, on the other hand, uses microwaves in a Doppler-like fashion to sense respiration and pulse. The lightweight briefcase, as displayed in the video above, was developed for the Department of Homeland Security with remote-sensing radar technology NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab uses to locate spacecraft in flight. The unit includes a tablet, on which a hidden person's vitals are then displayed.
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The Spitzer Space Telescope Has Been Reborn as an Exoplanet Hunter

It’s been months since NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, the exoplanet hunter, lost its ability to lock on to distant stars and find planets orbiting around them. But it looks like NASA’s found a replacement telescope—the Spitzer Space Telescope—to keep the exoplanet hunt going while we wait for the James Webb Space Telescope to launch.

The Spitzer is going on ten years old, and has gotten an upgrade that will let it study distant stars for signs of life-bearing planets. The engineers and scientists who built Spitzer did not have exoplanet hunting in mind for their telescope. Far from it. Sean Carey of NASA's Spitzer Science Center at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena said that when Spitzer launched in 2003, the idea of using it to study exoplanets was so crazy that no one even considered it.

Spitzer was the final mission in NASA’s Great Observatories Program, a program that comprised four space telescopes all designed to look at the Universe and detect different types of light. Hubble is the visible light telescope, the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory looks at gamma-rays, and the Chandra X-Ray Observatory detects x-rays. Spitzer was designed to last up to two-and-a-half years, during which it would detect infrared radiation, a long wavelength of light that occurs primarily in the form of heat radiation.
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Can Wireless Electricity Kill People?

Nikola Tesla in his Niagara Falls lab with his coils, which could discharge millions of volts and send electricity through the air. 
Probably not. Even when it's nipping at our toes, wireless electricity is pretty safe. In 1899, Serbian engineer Nikola Tesla built a 142-foot-tall, 12-million-volt electric coil in Colorado Springs and transmitted electricity wirelessly across 25 miles, illuminating 200 lamps with the charge. After he flipped the switch, flashes of lightning leaped from the coil, but no one was harmed.

Tesla's experiment proved that the Earth itself could be used to conduct electricity, no wires necessary. He also experimented with electromagnetic induction, a phenomenon discovered 70 years before Tesla's experiments by the English scientist Michael Faraday. In electromagnetic induction, an oscillating magnetic field around an electromagnet produces a current in a nearby conductor—in effect, the current jumps the gap. While it is airborne, electric energy exists as a magnetic field. Magnetic induction is used today in the contact plates on electric toothbrushes, transmitting a charge from the plastic-wrapped charging station to the battery inside the brush.
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100 Diagrams That Changed the World

A visual history of human sensemaking, from cave paintings to the world wide web.

Since the dawn of recorded history, we’ve been using visual depictions to map the Earth, order the heavens, make sense of time, dissect the human body, organize the natural world, perform music, and even concretize abstract concepts like consciousness and love. 100 Diagrams That Changed the World (UK; public library) by investigative journalist and documentarian Scott Christianson chronicles the history of our evolving understanding of the world through humanity’s most groundbreaking sketches, illustrations, and drawings, ranging from cave paintings to The Rosetta Stone to Moses Harris’s color wheel to Tim Berners-Lee’s flowchart for a “mesh” information management system, the original blueprint for the world wide web.

But most noteworthy of all is the way in which these diagrams bespeak an essential part of culture — the awareness that everything builds on what came before, that creativity is combinatorial, and that the most radical innovations harness the cross-pollination of disciplines. Christianson writes in the introduction:

"It appears that no great diagram is solely authored by its creator. Most of those described here were the culmination of centuries of accumulated knowledge. Most arose from collaboration (and oftentimes in competition) with others. Each was a product and a reflection of its unique cultural, historical and political environment. Each represented specific preoccupations, interests, and stake holders.
The great diagrams depicted in the book form the basis for many fields — art, astronomy, cartography, chemistry, mathematics, engineering, history, communications, particle physics, and space travel among others. More often than not, however, their creators — mostly known, but many lost to time — were polymaths who are creating new technologies or breakthroughs by drawing from a potent combination of disciplines. By applying trigonometric methods to the heavens, or by harnessing the movement of the sun and the planets to keep time, they were forging powerful new tools; their diagrams were imbued with synergy".

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How Did the Pakistan Earthquake Create a Mud Island?

A mud volcano is thought to be behind new landmass.
People walk on an island.

A magnitude 7.7 earthquake struck a remote part of Pakistan with enough force to create a small island.

On Tuesday, a 7.7-magnitude earthquake struck a remote part of western Pakistan, killing more than 260 people and displacing hundreds of thousands. It also triggered formation of a new island off the coast, which has quickly become a global curiosity.

But scientists say the island won't last long.

"It's a transient feature," said Bill Barnhart, a research geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey. "It will probably be gone within a couple of months. It's just a big pile of mud that was on the seafloor that got pushed up."

Indeed, such islands are formed by so-called mud volcanoes, which occur around the world, and Barnhart and other scientists suspect that's what we're seeing off the Pakistani coast.

News organizations have reported that the Pakistani island suddenly appeared near the port of Gwadar after the quake. The island is about 60 to 70 feet (18 to 21 meters) high, up to 300 feet (91 meters) wide, and up to 120 feet (37 meters) long, reports the AFP.

Media reports have located the new island at just a few paces to up to two kilometers off the coast of Pakistan. It is about 250 miles (400 kilometers) from the epicenter of the earthquake.

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What Colleges Will Teach in 2025

America must resolve the conflict between knowledge and know-how

Reports on what supposedly educated Americans know—and more sensationally, don’t know—come along fairly regularly, each more depressing than the last. 

TIME Magazine Cover, October 7, 2013

A survey of recent college graduates commissioned by the American Council of Trustees and Alumni and conducted by GfK Roper last year found that barely half knew that the U.S. Constitution ­establishes the separation of powers. Forty-­three percent failed to identify John Roberts as Chief Justice; 62% didn’t know the correct length of congressional terms of office.

Higher education has never been more expensive—or seemingly less demanding. According to the 2011 book Academically Adrift, by Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa, full-time students in 1961 devoted 40 hours per week to schoolwork and studying; by 2003 that had declined to 27 hours. And even those hours may not be all that effective: the book also notes that 36% of college graduates had not shown any significant cognitive gains over four years. According to data gathered by the Chronicle of Higher Education and American Public Media’s Marketplace, half of employers say they have trouble finding qualified recent college graduates to hire. Everybody has an opinion about what matters most. While Bill Gates worries about the dearth of engineering and science graduates, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences frets about the fate of the humanities.

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Curiosity Sample Shows Astronauts Could Mine Water On Mars


It's widely accepted that Mars was once home to streams and rivers, and that parts of its ice cap are composed of frozen water. But could there still be moisture in the planet's soil? After analyzing a sample collected by the Curiosity rover, a team of scientists has found strong evidence that Martian dirt contains traces of water — and that it could be recovered and used in manned Mars missions.

The discovery was made possible by a February mission to collect a soil sample from Mars. A month earlier, Curiosity had used a brush to sweep up dust from the planet's surface, but the material didn't lend itself to deep analysis. So the bot made its way to the Gale Crater, a site that's thought to have held water in the past. From there, Curiosity drilled a 2.5-inch-deep hole in the ground, scooping up the cylinder of dirt inside. The real work, however, had just begun. To figure out what was in the dirt, the Mars Science Laboratory Team used a device known as the Sample Analysis at Mars, or SAM. As lead author Laurie Leshin, dean of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, puts it, a baby aspirin-sized piece of the sample was fed into a tiny cup in Curiosity, then heated to temperatures of 835 degrees Celsius (over 1,500 degrees Fahrenheit.) The gases that came off revealed the composition of the soil inside.
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An Interactive Map Of Our Galaxy's Potentially Habitable Planets

Looking up at the night sky, it's hard not to wonder how many other planets might be circling those pinpricks of light – and how many are home to beings gazing back at us.

Today, we are starting to get a handle on the number of roughly Earth-sized exoplanets that might be suitable for life.

How to spot a planet

We can take a good guess at the number of alien Earths thanks to NASA's Kepler space telescope.


When a planet passes in front of its parent star, it blocks some of the star's light. The Kepler telescope looked for distant worlds by measuring this dip in stars' glow.
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Wednesday, September 25, 2013

Did you know that your finger wrinkle under water because….

Have you ever wondered why your finger pads wrinkle when they are exposed to water for a certain time? Scientists thought they had figured out the right answer – osmosis. They thought our fingers absorbed water and that caused the wrinkling process. But they were wrong.


A 2011 study showed that the wrinkling was due to a mechanism triggered by our nervous system. The study also proved that when our fingers wrinkle, it is  easier to grip objects underwater. It means the wrinkling is an evolutionary response to the change of our environment.
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This is what life on Mars will be like

It won’t be too long before we’re sending people on their way to the Red Planet. Jack Flanagan explains what life on Mars would be like.


There are people willing to put billions of dollars into putting people on Mars. Entrepreneur and billionaire Elon Musk’s SpaceX program has been considering the idea for some time, and some related organisations have gone public with their intentions, such as Mars One, a non-profit seeking to establish a colony by 2022. They intend to put a group of chosen applicants through 7 years of rigorous training, and will to fund it as a “global media event” – a.k.a., reality television.

These programs are called “Mars to Stay” missions, and there’s a sensible reason behind wanting to colonise Mars before attempting a return mission. We do not have technology to land humans on Mars and get them back again. However, we can load a spacecraft with the equipment needed to live there. Mars to Stay advocates say that, given the need to colonise Mars someday, why not just rip off the bandaid?

These people aren’t mere daydreamers: high-profile cosmologists and engineers, as well as Buzz Aldrin, fiercely advocate that we ought to colonise Mars as soon as we can.

Colonisation strategies vary. There are, broadly, two options. The first is creating an artificial environment which protects humans from the planet’s inhospitable surface. If we were to colonise Mars in the next few years, this is our only option, as the second option – terraforming – could only happen in the long-term.

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Why We Hate Change


The horrors of New Coke have not been easy for the American public to forget. We do not handle change well, especially when it comes to the brands that we've been conditioned to love. But did New Coke really taste that bad? And likewise, is the new Yahoo! logo really that atrocious? And is iOS7 really the flaming train wreck of a redesign that some folks are making it out to be? Or is the problem not within the product, but rather, within ourselves? 

What's in a Brand?

The modern world is dominated by brands. Defined by the American Marketing Association as the "name, term, design, symbol, or any other feature that identifies one seller's product distinct from those of other sellers," brands got their start as a means of determining cattle ownership. Unique identifying marks were burned—or branded—onto the animals' hides with hot irons, and the tradition soon spread to all areas of commerce. 

But brands don't just tell us that we're drinking Coke instead of Pepsi or reading Gizmodo rather than the Verge. They represent all the associated feelings and emotions we have with the product, sort of our overall concept of the brand. So, for example, think of the brands Microsoft and Apple. Just mentioning the company names is likely to dredge up a slew of positive (or negative) feelings, memories, and associations you have with those brands that, when taken as a whole, constitute the brand concept. This, as Norman H. Anderson argues in the Foundations of Information Integration Theory, is the result of both multi-sensory perception—how the product tastes, smells, feels, etc—and a bit of cognitive algebra that involves trying to make sense of these data inputs. "Emotional branding," as the practice is known, is far more potent than simply pointing out categorical differences between your product and a competitor's.
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