In the Beginning
The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the arm of the U.S. Department of Defense responsible for advancing military technology, fostered the development of key technologies for robotic, self-driving cars. Through its Grand Challenges, DARPA has driven innovation and collaboration within the research community.
The first DARPA Grand Challenge was held in 2004. This driverless TerraMax vehicle, designed by Oshkosh Defense, was one of the competitors in the agency's first competition.
In the 2004 DARPA Grand Challenge, none of the robotic, self-driving cars successfully finished the challenging course from Barstow, Calif., to Primm, Nev.
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