Monday, December 22, 2014

The Mysterious Civilization of Hyperborea

Just as Plato had cited the Egyptian legend of the sunken island of Atlantis, the Greek historian Herodotus mentioned the Egyptian legend of the continent of Hyperborea in the far north.

When ice destroyed this ancient land, its people were said to have migrated south.

Writing in 1679, the Swedish author Olaf Rudbeck identified the proto-Atlanteans with the Hyperboreans and located the latter at the North Pole.

In Greek mythology the Hyperborean people lived "beyond the North Wind". 

The Greeks thought that Boreas, the god of the North Wind (one of the Anemoi, or "Winds") lived in Thrace, and therefore Hyperborea indicates a region that lay far to the north of Thrace.

Herodotus recorded that three earlier sources had mentioned the Hyperboreans, including Hesiod and Homer.

This land was described as perfect, with the sun shining 24 hours a day, suggesting a location within the Arctic Circle. According to the classical Greek poet Pindar,

    "Never the Muse is absent from their ways: lyres clash and flutes cry and everywhere maiden choruses whirling. Neither disease nor bitter old age is mixed in their sacred blood; far from labor and battle they live."
Along with Thule, Hyperborea was one of several terrae incognitae to the Greeks and Romans, where Pliny, Pindar and Herodotus, as well as Virgil and Cicero, reported that people lived to the age of one thousand and enjoyed lives of complete happiness. 

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