Saturday, January 31, 2015

How Would The World Change If We Found Extraterrestrial Life?

The ALH84001 meteorite, which in a 1996 Science publication was speculated to be host to what could be ancient Martian fossils. That finding is still under dispute today. Credit: NASA/JSC/Stanford University 

The ALH84001 meteorite, which in a 1996 Science publication was speculated to be host to what could be ancient Martian fossils. That finding is still under dispute today. Credit: NASA/JSC/Stanford University . 

In 1938, Orson Welles narrated a radio broadcast of “War of the Worlds” as a series of simulated radio bulletins of what was happening in real time as Martians arrived on our home planet. The broadcast is widely remembered for creating public panic, although to what extent is hotly debated today.

Still, the incident serves as an illustration of what could happen when the first life beyond Earth is discovered. While scientists might be excited by the prospect, introducing the public, politicians and interest groups to the idea could take some time.

How extraterrestrial life would change our world view is a research interest of Steven Dick, who just completed a term as the Baruch S. Blumberg NASA/Library of Congress Chair of Astrobiology. The chair is jointly sponsored by the NASA Astrobiology Program and the John W. Kluge Center, at the Library of Congress.

Dick is a former astronomer and historian at the United States Naval Observatory, a past chief historian for NASA, and has published several books concerning the discovery of life beyond Earth. To Dick, even the discovery of microbes would be a profound shift for science.

“If we found microbes, it would have an effect on science, especially biology, by universalizing biology,” he said. “We only have one case of biology on Earth. It’s all related. It’s all DNA-based. If we found an independent example on Mars or Europa, we have a chance of forming a universal biology.”

For the rest of the story: http://www.astrobio.net/news-exclusive/world-change-found-extraterrestrial-life/

Thursday, January 29, 2015

Ardy Sixkiller Clarke, Ph.D. | Untold Stories of Alien Encounters by Indigenous People




This is Segment 1 of 2. Segment 1 is being provided as a courtesy of VERITAS Radio.

To listen to Segment 2 of this exclusive interview, subscribe at http://www.veritasradio.com to listen to the rest.

Veritas is censorship-and commercial-free and survives on your voluntary subscriptions. Thank you for supporting our work. ~Mel Fabregas. 

S y n o p s i s 

Dr. Ardy Sixkiller Clarke, author of Encounters With Star People, vowed as a teenager to follow in the footsteps of two 19th-century explorers, John L. Stephens and Frederick Catherwood, who brought the ancient Maya cities to the world's attention. Dr. Clarke set out on a seven-year adventure (from 2003 through 2010) through Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, and Mexico, collecting stories of encounters, sky gods, giants, little people, and aliens among the indigenous people. She drove more than 12,000 miles, visiting 89 archaeological sites (Stephens and Catherwood visited only 44) and conducting nearly 100 individual interviews.

The result is an enthralling series of unique, original, true stories of encounters with space travelers, giants, little people, and UFOs. Sky People may very well change the way you perceive and experience the world.

A noted American Indian researcher offers up a collection of intimate narratives of encounters between contemporary American Indians and the Star People. The first-person accounts, described as conscious experiences and recalled without the aid of hypnosis, reveal a worldview that unquestionably accepts the reality of the StarPeople. The stories also reveal cultures that almost universally regard Star People as ancestors, which allows for interactions that take place without fear and helps explain the uniqueness of the encounters and experiences.

The stories are told by people from all walks of life. Some had graduate degrees; others had never attended school. Some were adept at technology; others had never used a cell phone, owned a computer or a television set. A few of the stories are about events that occurred before the 1947 Roswell incident, however, the majority of the events took place between 1990 and 2010. 

B i o 

Dr. Ardy Sixkiller Clarke, a Professor Emeritus at Montana State University, has dedicated her life and career to working with indigenous populations. She has been adopted by enrolled tribal members and given traditional names by three Northern Plains spiritual leaders including the Blackfeet (Woman with Great Knowledge), the Northern Cheyenne (Walks all Woman) and the Lakota Sioux (Woman who Helps People). She holds degrees in English, History, Psychology and Educational Leadership. She is also a licensed therapist and has been a high school English teacher, a counselor, a school administrator, a university professor and administrator. The The author of several children's books and the best-selling, Sisters in the Blood, and Encounters with Star People: Untold Stories of American Indians December 2012), she lives in Montana with her husband, Kip; her beloved Lhasa Apso, Prairie Rose and her Maine Coon cat, Rez Perez. Her second book in the field of Ufology, Sky People: Untold Stories of Alien Encounters in Mesoamerica, was released in December 2014. While retired from academia, she continues to travel and interview individuals throughout the indigenous world about their encounters with UFOs and Aliens.

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

10 Jaw Dropping (Literally) Pictures That Will Make You Question Your Entire Existence

pot

1. This is where you live, planet Earth, in comparison to the rest of our interplanetary neighborhood (our Solar System). Our Solar System is hurtling through space at a speed of approximately  70,000 kilometers an hour.  I’ve even read estimates that this number can be up to 500,000 kilometers an hour. Zoom out and our Milky Way galaxy that is home to our Solar System (among what could be billions of others) is also hurdling through space at tremendous speeds. Keep zooming out from our galaxy into the cluster of galaxies that our galaxy calls home, and even beyond that, this cluster of galaxies is part of a super cluster. Need I say more? Note: There are visuals of this later in the article if you keep scrolling.

1 

This a wonderful depiction of our solar system moving through space compared to the traditional flat diagrams.



For the rest of the story: http://www.collective-evolution.com/2014/12/01/10-jaw-dropping-literally-pictures-that-will-make-you-question-your-entire-existence/

No Snow, No Problem: How Wall Street Profits from Weird Weather


Never discount Wall Street’s ability to turn the most basic parts of life into profits. Mother nature is the latest money spinner for financial firms. Despite the recent Northeast snowstorm, the unseasonably warm winter, and in general a lack of snow, could turn into big profits for the banks, brokerages and insurance firms that deal in so-called weather derivatives.

Financial contracts based on the weather have been around since at least the late 1990s. The contracts, many of which trade like stocks, are typically pegged to such things as rainfall and temperatures. But in the past few years, contracts specifically tied to snowfall have started to take off in popularity. The contacts essentially act like insurance, allowing, say, retailers or ski mountains to insure against too much snow or too little. Wall Street sells the contracts, matching buyers and sellers and pocketing a small commission. Typically, it’s a good business, but this year it could be a real moneymaker.

In theory, there could be as many firms betting against snow as for it. But in reality the market is always lopsided. It turns out there are more firms that are hurt by large snowfalls than the opposite. And large ski mountains have yet to get into the market. Vail Resorts, for instance, a public company that owns its namesake mountain as well as a number of others, says it doesn’t use weather derivatives to mitigate losses when snow is light. Jeff Hodgson, who runs the Chicago Weather Brokerage and specializes in snow derivatives, says he has yet to work with a ski mountain. What’s more, last year’s record snowfall caused more companies than ever to seek protection this winter.

For the rest of the story: http://business.time.com/2012/01/24/no-snow-no-problem-how-wall-street-profits-from-weird-weather/

Ray Kurzweil’s Mind-Boggling Predictions for the Next 25 Years

In my new book BOLD, one of the interviews that I’m most excited about is with my good friend Ray Kurzweil.

Bill Gates calls Ray, “the best person I know at predicting the future of artificial intelligence.” Ray is also amazing at predicting a lot more beyond just AI.

This post looks at his very incredible predictions for the next 20+ years.

 

So who is Ray Kurzweil?

He has received 20 honorary doctorates, has been awarded honors from three U.S. presidents, and has authored 7 books (5 of which have been national bestsellers).

He is the principal inventor of many technologies ranging from the first CCD flatbed scanner to the first print-to-speech reading machine for the blind. He is also the chancellor and co-founder of Singularity University, and the guy tagged by Larry Page to direct artificial intelligence development at Google.

In short, Ray’s pretty smart… and his predictions are amazing, mind-boggling, and important reminders that we are living in the most exciting time in human history.

But, first let’s look back at some of the predictions Ray got right.
Predictions Ray has gotten right over the last 25 years

In 1990 (twenty-five years ago), he predicted…

…that a computer would defeat a world chess champion by 1998. Then in 1997, IBM’s Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov.

… that PCs would be capable of answering queries by accessing information wirelessly via the Internet by 2010. He was right, to say the least.

… that by the early 2000s, exoskeletal limbs would let the disabled walk. Companies like Ekso Bionics and others now have technology that does just this, and much more.

In 1999, he predicted…

… that people would be able talk to their computer to give commands by 2009. While still in the early days in 2009, natural language interfaces like Apple’s Siri and Google Now have come a long way. I rarely use my keyboard anymore; instead I dictate texts and emails.

For the rest of the story: http://singularityhub.com/2015/01/26/ray-kurzweils-mind-boggling-predictions-for-the-next-25-years/

Fossils From Unknown Species Of Human Discovered


Archaeologists have uncovered teeth in China that don’t appear to belong to any known species of Homo—not quite modern humans, not quite Neanderthals. The findings, published in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, suggests that the teeth may belong to hybrids of known populations or even to a whole new species of human ancestors we never knew about.

From about 340,000 to 90,000 years ago, Homo neanderthalensis resided in Europe and western Asia, while anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens) were living in Africa. Meanwhile, a mysterious group of extinct human relatives called Denisovans were present in Siberia. While the "hobbit," Homo floresiensis, showed up in Indonesia 95,000 years ago, the evolutionary picture of the genus Homo remains incomplete due to the dearth of East Asian hominin (that’s us and our ancestors) fossils from the late Middle to the early Late Pleistocene.

In 1976, hominin dental samples—nine teeth from four individuals, BBC reports—were recovered from the early Late Pleistocene site of Xujiayao in northern China. Now, an international team from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Spain’s National Research Center on Human Evolution (CENIEH)  have re-analyzed the fossils, measuring the size and shape of various dental features, from the roots to the crown to the grooves between the cusps.

For the rest of the story: http://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fossil-teeth-dont-belong-any-extinct-human-species-known

Parallel worlds exist and interact with our world, say physicists

New theory explains many of the bizarre observations made in quantum mechanics. 

 

Quantum mechanics, though firmly tested, is so weird and anti-intuitive that famed physicist Richard Feynman once remarked, "I think I can safely say that nobody understands quantum mechanics." Attempts to explain some of the bizarre consequences of quantum theory have led to some mind-bending ideas, such as the Copenhagen interpretation and the many-worlds interpretation
Now there's a new theory on the block, called the "many interacting worlds" hypothesis (MIW), and the idea is just as profound as it sounds. The theory suggests not only that parallel worlds exist, but that they interact with our world on the quantum level and are thus detectable. Though still speculative, the theory may help to finally explain some of the bizarre consequences inherent in quantum mechanics, reports RT.com.
The theory is a spin-off of the many-worlds interpretation in quantum mechanics — an idea that posits that all possible alternative histories and futures are real, each representing an actual, though parallel, world. One problem with the many-worlds interpretation, however, has been that it is fundamentally untestable, since observations can only be made in our world. Happenings in these proposed "parallel" worlds can thus only be imagined.
MIW, however, says otherwise. It suggests that parallel worlds can interact on the quantum level, and in fact that they do.

Saturday, January 24, 2015

How Andean people evolved thru physical adaptation to the high altitude.

Life for mountain people, as a rule, has always been a challenge. For this reason, it might appear that if given a choice, humans would perhaps tap the wealth of the mountains — such as their minerals, forests, their possibilities for tourism, etc. — but not live there permanently.

Tibetan PeopleHowever, human association with the mountains is almost as old as their relationship with the sea. The terms of life are usually much harder for humans at high altitudes and are controlled by three important factors: the terrain, the climate (including the thin atmosphere), and the isolation from the rest of mankind. 

Yet despite all of this, higher elevations in the tropics may be the best habitat for humans in these areas. They are free from malaria, sleeping sickness (African trypanosomiasis), and other diseases of the hot lowlands.
In many highland areas near the equator there is no such thing as changes of seasons, as most of us are used to. In these areas the climate is springtime all year, and fields yield several crops annually. In fact, it is this type of environment in the Bolivian and Peruvian Andes that led to the only great civilization to be found at high altitudes — the Incas.

In the last 4,000 years millions of people have lived in the high valleys of the central Andes, and many of them established some of the highest permanent habitations on Earth. However, most of these are below 13,000 feet (3,962 m.), as even near the equator it just gets too cold and the air too thin above this altitude to be very suitable for most people as a permanent habitation.

Most humans live near the bottom of a 62-mile deep ocean of air that we call the atmosphere (99.999 % of the atmosphere’s gases are found below 62 miles; the small amount of gases above this are detectable out to about 300 miles).

Because of all this weight of air above the Earth, the pressure of it pushing against our bodies at sea level is about 14.7 pounds per square inch (PSI).

This pressure is critical for getting oxygen into the blood stream, as it forces the oxygen through the thin membranes in the lung capillaries of the alveoli (air sacs) and into the blood by a process known as “passive diffusion.”

For the rest of the story: http://www.mountainprofessor.com/mountain-people.html

Thursday, January 22, 2015

L.A. Marzulli | On the Trail of The Nephilim: New Archaeological Research



This is Segment 1 of 2. Segment 1 is being provided as a courtesy of VERITAS Radio.

To listen to Segment 2 of this exclusive interview, subscribe at http://www.veritasradio.com to listen to the rest.

Veritas is censorship-and commercial-free and survives on your voluntary subscriptions. Thank you for supporting our work. ~Mel Fabregas. 

S y n o p s i s 

The Bible is full of strange and supernatural events. But there is none stranger than the events of the sixth chapter of the Book of Genesis. Theologians have speculated and debated this bizarre passage of Scripture for thousands of years--and the debate rages on today hotter than ever! Best-selling author, L.A. Marzulli, lies at the root of this new paradigm, challenging the status quo of historical events and suggesting a cover-up of "gigantic" proportions. His first book on the subject, On the Trail of the Nephilim, Volume 1, opened up the minds of people worldwide, stirring up a controversy that challenges the literal interpretation of Scripture and pushes the boundaries to the very edge. Traveling to Paracas, Peru, and other relatively-unknown places in South America, the author began to hunt for proof of a hybrid race of beings the Bible calls the "Nephilim." His search left no stone unturned--public museums, private skull and skeleton collections, secret caves known only to locals, interviews with archaeologists and curators...what Marzulli discovered has turned the world upside down, upsetting a few Darwinian apple carts along the way. Once you have laid eyes on a gigantic Nephilim skull, your worldview may change. 

B i o 

L. A. Marzulli is an author, lecturer and film maker. He has penned eight books including The Nephilim Trilogy which made the CBA best sellers list. He received an honorary doctorate for the series from his mentor Dr. I. D. E. Thomas, who was the Provost at Pacific International University. His new series On the Trail of the Nephilim is a full color, over-sized book which uncovers startling evidence that there has been a massive cover up of what he believes are the remains of the Nephilim, the giants mentioned in the Bible! He is now working on Volume II, in the series which promises to have even more incredible and revealing photographs and interviews! L. A. is On the Trail!

L. A. Marzulli teamed up with film producer Richard Shaw to create The Watchers series. There are now SEVEN installments in the series and Watchers 7: UFO Physical Evidence, recently won UFO Best Film and the Peoples Choice Awards, at the UFO Congress in 2014! Marzulli and Shaw took their second trip to Peru in January of 2014, filming ancient artifacts and megalithic structures at various locations, which will be revealed in Watchers 8! Marzulli is a frank super-naturalists who has lectured on the subjects of UFOs, The Nephilim, and ancient prophetic texts, presenting his exhaustive research at conferences and churches, as well as appearances and interviews on numerous national and international radio and television programs.

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Alien radio signal detected

FRB_ftr 

A mysterious radio signal was detected by astronomers using the Parkes Radio Telescope in New South Wales Australia.

Brief signals like this one, known as Fast Radio Bursts, are a relatively new phenomenon. And scientists have been unable to determine the origin of these strange signals.

The first occurrence of a Fast Radio Burst was discovered in 2007 when astronomers looked through archival data from the Parkes Radio Telescope. Six more bursts have reportedly been discovered in the data from the Parkes Radio Telescope, and one burst was discovered in the data from the Arecibo telescope in Puerto Rico. But, until recently, one of these short flashes of radio waves had not been observed in real-time.

Parkes Radio Telescope. (Credit: Stephen West/Wikimedia Commons)  

Parkes Radio Telescope. (Credit: Stephen West/Wikimedia Commons).

A team of astronomers in Australia, led by Emily Petroff, developed a technique to search for Fast Radio Bursts. And this new technique paid off on May 14, 2014 when a Fast Radio Burst was observed in real-time for the first time. Being aware of the signal as it was detected enabled researchers to alert other telescopes around the world. With twelve telescopes investigating the signal, scientists were able to scan multiple wavelengths. But ScienceDaily explains, “Even though they captured the radio wave burst while it was happening and could immediately make follow-up observations at other wavelengths ranging from infrared light, visible light, ultraviolet light and X-ray waves, they found nothing.”

For the rest of the story: http://www.openminds.tv/alien-radio-signal-detected/31744

Never Before Seen WWII Footage

Watch the process as the Rescued Film Project develops 31 rolls of film from a WWII soldier that has never been seen before. The goal of the Rescued Film Project is to reconnect the images with the photographer who shot them, or their families. In this instance these images have the potential to provide a unique historical importance and incredible insight into what it was like to be apart of WWII.


 
For the rest of the story: http://www.funker530.com/never-before-seen-wwii-footage/

Mars Curiosity Rover’s Ancient Cat Statue ‘Discovery’ Sets Alien Hunters Abuzz

Mars_Curiosity_Rover
Mars Curiosity rover can’t seem to get a break from the weirder side of humanity’s search for alien life. While more serious scientists actually consider possibilities of discovering traces of microbial life — past or present — on the Martian landscape, armchair astrobiologists find more joy in finding potential artifacts that may provide evidence of thriving civilizations on Mars.

Over the past few days, alien hunting enthusiasts have been talking about one such “find” — an ancient cat statue reportedly discovered by Curiosity rover on a particular segment on Mars’ surface. YouTuber UFOvni2012 was one of the first to spot the alleged anomaly using publicly available NASA images.



For the rest of the story: http://www.inquisitr.com/1770982/mars-curiosity-rovers-ancient-cat-statue-discovery-sets-alien-hunters-abuzz/

New Planet: Another Earth Discovered by Scientists


Using NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, astronomers have discovered the first Earth-size planet orbiting a star in the “habitable zone”, the range of distance from a star where liquid water might pool on the surface of an orbiting planet.

The discovery of Kepler-186f confirms that planets the size of Earth exist in the habitable zone of stars other than our sun.
 
While planets have previously been found in the habitable zone, they are all at least 40 percent larger in size than Earth and understanding their makeup is challenging. Kepler-186f is more reminiscent of Earth.

“The discovery of Kepler-186f is a significant step toward finding worlds like our planet Earth,” said Paul Hertz, NASA’s Astrophysics Division director at the agency’s headquarters in Washington. “Future NASA missions, like the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite and the James Webb Space Telescope, will discover the nearest rocky exoplanets and determine their composition and atmospheric conditions, continuing humankind’s quest to find truly Earth-like worlds.”

For the rest of the story: www.thepcmdgazette.com/new-planet-another-earth-discovered-by-scientists/

Mysterious 1997 death of Hollywood screenwriter solved: Gary Devore was about to make movie exposing real reason US invaded Panama in 1989


When the skeletal remains of Hollywood screenwriter Gary Devore were found strapped into his Ford Explorer submerged beneath the California Aqueduct in 1998 it brought an end to one of America's most high profile missing person cases.

The fact that Devore was on his way to deliver a film script that promised to explain the 'real reason' why the US invaded Panama, has long given rise to a slew of conspiracies surrounding the nature of his 'accidental' death.

It didn't help that Devore's hands were missing from the crash scene, along with the script, and that investigators could offer no plausible explanation as to how a car could leave the highway and end up in the position it was found a year after he disappeared.

Now the Daily Mail can exclusively reveal that Devore was working with the CIA in Panama and even a White House source concedes his mysterious death bears all the hallmarks of a cover-up.

The findings, published in a new documentary The Writer With No Hands, are the first testimonies ever aired that give credence to the theories that surrounded the case in the late 90s.

Chillingly, the British research team - which was warned to drop the investigation by a Department of Defense contractor - has also secured testimony from the coroner which reveals the human hands said to be recovered from Devore's car were in fact around 200 years old.

'Someone in authority lied. Or made a shocking error,' producer Dr Matthew Alford tells Daily Mail.

'There could be an innocent explanation for the hands but it is as extraordinary as the conspiracy theory and very suspicious.'

Devore, who wrote Dogs Of War, Raw Deal and Time Cop, had been working on his directorial debut: The Big Steal.

Once a truck driver, he had made a successful career shift into Hollywood. He was a friend to Arnold Schwarzenegger, Tommy Lee Jones's best man, and ex-boyfriend of Janet Jackson.

The Big Steal, he told friends, would be 'the hardest hitting film studios have ever seen', featuring 'disturbing details' about the US invasion of Panama.

The first draft of the script, shown exclusively to the Daily Mail, tells the story of American operatives robbing a Panamanian bank to cover up for 'something much more serious'.

One line reads: 'With good natured suspicion, Romos speculates on US intent. All this to pick up Noriega?'

Another: 'It sounds like the Pentagon planned the bank robbery and the war is just a diversion.'

Devore's research for the end product included an article from London's now defunct Sunday Correspondent alleging dictator General Manuel Noriega had compiled a stash of sex tapes featuring top-ranking US officials.

Noriega, the article explains, ran a well-known 'honey trap': inviting diplomats to his home filled with alcohol, drugs, beautiful women, and beautiful men - and covertly filming their antics.

For the rest of the story: http://www.sott.net/article/291524-Mysterious-1997-death-of-Hollywood-screenwriter-solved-Gary-Devore-was-about-to-make-movie-exposing-real-reason-US-invaded-Panama-in-1989

Tuesday, January 20, 2015

List of companies that uses Monsanto products

In light of the recent public anger over the Monsanto Protection Act, here’s a simple, printable list of companies that use Monsanto products. By avoiding products made by companies on this list, you can help ensure your money isn’t going to Monsanto and also watch out for the health of your family and yourself. 

monsanto_companies 

If you wish to print, simply click on the list and choose “Print” from your browser’s menu (or press CTRL+P/CMD+P).

Here is a list 10 corporations Control Almost Everything You Buy  

Monday, January 19, 2015

Teaching Children HOW to Think Instead of WHAT to Think



Right now our education system is doing more to indoctrinate our children than to educate them. In fact, that has been the case for quite some time.

Our young minds are being told to accept authority as truth instead of truth as authority, and teachers talk at the students instead of with them.

Teachers have become repeaters of information. They are merely regurgitating everything they once learned from their own teachers, and perpetuating the recycling of information; information that has managed to evade scrutiny for generations.

Children are no longer the masters of their own learning, and instead, their minds are being treated as storage containers.  



The factory model of education, with its focus on academic and economic elitism, is churning out obedient workers for the system, encouraged to conform every step of the way. We are not being treated as organic, creative, investigative human beings, but instead as parts in the machine.

The education system is filtering out the inquisitive nature of our being, with the ultimate goal being to prevent dissent against the system. The system doesn’t want thinkers.

It doesn’t want people toquestion its methods. It wants a population that can be easily manipulated and controlled so as to relinquish all its power to the elite.

There are those who say that critical thinking skills cannot be taught in schools. Socrates would likely scoff at that notion, were he still alive today. It was Socrates who said,

“I cannot teach anybody anything; I can only make them think.”

If we’re going to solve the problem of indoctrination in our school system, we have to learn to begin asking questions instead of giving answers. Real learning is achieved through the investigative process. Children have to be encouraged to search for the answers themselves. 



For the rest of the story: http://humansarefree.com/2015/01/teaching-children-how-to-think-instead.html 

N.S.A. Breached North Korean Networks Before Sony Attack, Officials Say

WASHINGTON — The trail that led American officials to blame North Korea for the destructive cyberattack on Sony Pictures Entertainment in November winds back to 2010, when the National Security Agency scrambled to break into the computer systems of a country considered one of the most impenetrable targets on earth.

Spurred by growing concern about North Korea’s maturing capabilities, the American spy agency drilled into the Chinese networks that connect North Korea to the outside world, picked through connections in Malaysia favored by North Korean hackers and penetrated directly into the North with the help of South Korea and other American allies, according to former United States and foreign officials, computer experts later briefed on the operations and a newly disclosed N.S.A. document

A classified security agency program expanded into an ambitious effort, officials said, to place malware that could track the internal workings of many of the computers and networks used by the North’s hackers, a force that South Korea’s military recently said numbers roughly 6,000 people. Most are commanded by the country’s main intelligence service, called the Reconnaissance General Bureau, and Bureau 121, its secretive hacking unit, with a large outpost in China. 

 

The evidence gathered by the “early warning radar” of software painstakingly hidden to monitor North Korea’s activities proved critical in persuading President Obama to accuse the government of Kim Jong-un of ordering the Sony attack, according to the officials and experts, who spoke on the condition of anonymity about the classified N.S.A. operation.

Mr. Obama’s decision to accuse North Korea of ordering the largest destructive attack against an American target — and to promise retaliation, which has begun in the form of new economic sanctions — was highly unusual: The United States had never explicitly charged another government with mounting a cyberattack on American targets.

For the rest of the story: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/19/world/asia/nsa-tapped-into-north-korean-networks-before-sony-attack-officials-say.html
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